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Bulk Surveillance in the Digital Age: Rethinking the Human Rights Law Approach to Bulk Monitoring of Communications Data

Murray, DP and Fussey, Pete (2018) 'Bulk Surveillance in the Digital Age: Rethinking the Human Rights Law Approach to Bulk Monitoring of Communications Data.' Israel Law Review, 52 (1). ISSN 0021-2237 (In Press)

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Abstract

The digital age has brought new possibilities and potency to state surveillance activities. Significant has been the advent of bulk communications data monitoring, which involves the large-scale collection, retention, and subsequent analysis of communications data. The scale and invasiveness of these techniques generate key questions regarding their ‘necessity’ from a human rights law perspective and they are the subject of ongoing human rights-based litigation. This article examines bulk communications data surveillance through a human rights law lens, undertaking critical examination of both the potential utility of bulk communications surveillance and – drawing on social science analysis – the potential human rights-related harm. It argues that utility and harm calculations can conceal the complex nature of contemporary digital surveillance practices, rendering current approaches to the ‘necessity’ test problematic. This paper argues: that the distinction between content and communications data be removed, that analysis of surveillance-related harm must extend beyond privacy implications and incorporate society-wide effects, and that a more nuanced approach to bulk communications data be developed. Suggestions are provided as to how the ‘necessity’ of bulk surveillance measures may be evaluated, with an emphasis on understanding the type of activity that may qualify as ‘serious crime’.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
K Law > K Law (General)
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Law, School of
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2019 09:19
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 09:19
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23384

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