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Carrots, Sticks, and Insurgent Targeting of Civilians

Asal, Victor and Phillips, Brian J and Rethemeyer, R Karl and Simonelli, Corina and Young, Joseph K (2019) 'Carrots, Sticks, and Insurgent Targeting of Civilians.' Journal of Conflict Resolution, 63 (7). pp. 1710-1735. ISSN 0022-0027

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How do conciliatory and coercive counterinsurgency tactics affect militant group violence against civilians? Scholars of civil war increasingly seek to understand intentional civilian targeting, often referred to as terrorism. Extant research emphasizes group weakness, or general state attributes such as regime type. We focus on terrorism as violent communication and as a response to government actions. State tactics toward groups, carrots and sticks, should be important for explaining insurgent terror. We test the argument using new data on terrorism by insurgent groups, with many time-varying variables, covering 1998 through 2012. Results suggest government coercion against a group is associated with subsequent terrorism by that group. However, this is only the case for larger insurgent groups, which raises questions about the notion of terrorism as a weapon of the weak. Carrots are often negatively related to group terrorism. Other factors associated with insurgent terrorism include holding territory, ethnic motivation, and social service provision.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: civilian casualties, civil wars, counterinsurgency, terrorism
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 13:59
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:55

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