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The CORE Service Improvement Programme for mental health Crisis Resolution Teams: results from a cluster-randomised trial

Lloyd-Evans, Brynmor and Osborn, David and Marston, Louise and Lamb, Danielle and Ambler, Gareth and Hunter, Rachael and Mason, Oliver and Sullivan, Sarah and Henderson, Claire and Onyett, Steve and Johnston, Elaine and Morant, Nicola and Nolan, Fiona and Kelly, Kathleen and Christoforou, Marina and Fullarton, Kate and Forsyth, Rebecca and Davidson, Mike and Piotrowski, Jonathan and Mundy, Edward and Bond, Gary and Johnson, Sonia (2020) 'The CORE Service Improvement Programme for mental health Crisis Resolution Teams: results from a cluster-randomised trial.' British Journal of Psychiatry, 216 (6). 314 - 322. ISSN 0007-1250

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Background: Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs) offer brief, intensive home treatment for people experiencing mental health crisis. CRT implementation is highly variable; positive trial outcomes have not been reproduced in scaled up CRT care. Aims: To evaluate a one-year programme to improve CRTs’ model fidelity in a non-blind, cluster randomised trial. Methods: Fifteen CRTs in England received an intervention, informed by the US Implementing Evidence Based Practice project, involving support from a CRT Facilitator, online implementation resources and regular team fidelity reviews. Ten control CRTs received no additional support. The primary outcome was service user satisfaction, measured by the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8), completed by fifteen service users per team at CRT discharge (N=375). Secondary outcomes: CRT model fidelity, continuity of care, staff wellbeing, inpatient admissions and bed use and CRT readmissions were also evaluated. Results: All CRTs were retained in the trial. Median follow-up CSQ-8 score was 28 in each group: the adjusted average in the intervention group was higher than in the control group by 0.97 (CI -1.02, 2.97) but this was not significant (p=0.34). There were fewer inpatient admissions, lower inpatient bed use and better staff psychological health in intervention teams. Model fidelity rose in most intervention teams and was significantly higher than in control teams at follow up. There were no significant effects for other outcomes. Conclusions: The CRT Service Improvement Programme did not achieve its primary aim of improving service user satisfaction. It showed some promise in improving CRT model fidelity and reducing acute inpatient admissions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acute care, crisis resolution, service improvement, mental health, randomised controlled trial
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2019 11:22
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2020 14:15

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