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Structural model of a2-subunit N-terminus and its binding interface for Arf-GEF CTH2: Implication for regulation of V-ATPase, CTH2 function and rational drug design

Marshansky, Vladimir and Hosokawa, Hiroyuki and Merkulova, Maria and Bakulina, Anastasia and Dip, Phat Vinh and Thaker, Youg and Bjargava, Ajay and Tonra, James R and . Ausiello, Dennis A and Grüber, Gerhard (2019) 'Structural model of a2-subunit N-terminus and its binding interface for Arf-GEF CTH2: Implication for regulation of V-ATPase, CTH2 function and rational drug design.' Current Topics in Membranes, 83. 77 - 106. ISSN 1063-5823

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Abstract

We have previously identified the interaction between mammalian V-ATPase a2-subunit isoform and cytohesin-2 (CTH2) and studied molecular details of binding between these proteins. In particular, we found that six peptides derived from the N-terminal cytosolic domain of a2 subunit (a2N1–402) are involved in interaction with CTH2 (Merkulova, Bakulina, Thaker, Grüber, & Marshansky, 2010). However, the actual 3D binding interface was not determined in that study due to the lack of high-resolution structural information about a-subunits of V-ATPase. Here, using a combination of homology modeling and NMR analysis, we generated the structural model of complete a2N1–402 and uncovered the CTH2-binding interface. First, using the crystal-structure of the bacterial M. rubber Icyt-subunit of A-ATPase as a template (Srinivasan, Vyas, Baker, & Quiocho, 2011), we built a homology model of mammalian a2N1–352 fragment. Next, we combined it with the determined NMR structures of peptides a2N368–395 and a2N386–402 of the C-terminal section of a2N1–402. The complete molecular model of a2N1–402 revealed that six CTH2 interacting peptides are clustered in the distal and proximal lobe sub-domains of a2N1–402. Our data indicate that the proximal lobe sub-domain is the major interacting site with the Sec7 domain of first CTH2 protein, while the distal lobe sub-domain of a2N1–402 interacts with the PH-domain of second CTH2. Indeed, using Sec7/Arf-GEF activity assay we experimentally confirmed our model. The interface formed by peptides a2N1–17 and a2N35–49 is involved in specific interaction with Sec7 domain and regulation of GEF activity. These data are critical for understanding of the cross-talk between V-ATPase and CTH2 as well as for the rational drug design to regulate their function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: V-ATPase a2-subunit isoform N-terminus, Arf GEF cytohesin-2, Homology modeling, NMR analysis, Sec7 domain enzymatic GEF activity, Cross-talk between V-ATPase and CTH2, Rational drug design
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2019 13:56
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 13:20
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23847

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