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Explaining differentiation in European Union treaties

Winzen, Thomas and Schimmelfennig, Frank (2016) 'Explaining differentiation in European Union treaties.' European Union Politics, 17 (4). pp. 616-637. ISSN 1465-1165

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Since the early 1990s, European integration has become increasingly differentiated. Analysing the conditions under which member states make use of the opportunity to opt out of, or exclude other countries from, European integration, we argue that different explanations apply to treaty and accession negotiations, respectively. Threatening to block deeper integration, member states with strong national identities secure differentiations in treaty reform. In enlargement, in turn, old member states fear economic disadvantages and low administrative capacity and therefore impose differentiation on poor newcomers. Opt-outs from treaty revisions are limited to the area of core state powers, whereas they also occur in the market in the context of enlargement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Differentiated integration; enlargement; European Union; treaty reform
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2019 13:34
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:56

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