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In search of the optimal number of fund subgroups

Yan, Cheng and Cheng, Tingting (2019) 'In search of the optimal number of fund subgroups.' Journal of Empirical Finance. ISSN 0927-5398

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Abstract

The idea of determining the number of fund subgroups is of central importance in the popular academic field of risk parity portfolio theory, and especially for practitioners’ direct use of fund-of-funds managers. Can the Gaussian Mixture Distributions plug-in approach via traditional procedures select the correct number of fund subgroups? Probably not. According to our in-sample/out-of-sample likelihood score analysis, the actual locations of subgroups in real data (of both U.S. mutual funds and hedge funds) are too close to each other. The information loss incurred by parameter uncertainty outweighs that incurred by misspecification, and can only be slightly alleviated using the nonparametric density estimators. An arbitrary choice of two subgroups only causes affordable information loss relative to more fund subgroups. These findings challenge the reliability of the Gaussian Mixture Distributions plug-in approach via traditional procedures (e.g., Bayesian Information Criterion, Likelihood Ratio and Chi-squared statistics) in selecting the correct number of subgroups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Performance evaluation, Fund subgroups, Gaussian mixture distribution, Parameter uncertainty, Misspecification
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Finance Centre
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2019 15:25
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 15:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23901

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