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Predictors of Objectively Measured Physical Activity in 12 month-Old Infants: A Study of Linked Birth Cohort Data with Electronic Health Records

Raza, Haider and Zhou, ShangMing and Todd, S and Christian, Daniel and Merchant, Emily and Morgan, Kelly and Khanom, A and Hill, Rebbeca and Lynos, Ronan and Brophy, Sinead (2019) 'Predictors of Objectively Measured Physical Activity in 12 month-Old Infants: A Study of Linked Birth Cohort Data with Electronic Health Records.' Pediatric Obesity. ISSN 2047-6310

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Abstract

Physical activity (PA) levels are associated with long term health and levels of physical activity when young are predictive of adult activity levels. Objectives: This study examines factors associated with PA levels in 12-month infants. Method: 141 mother-infant pairs were recruited via a longitudinal birth cohort study (April 2010 to March 2013). The PA level was collected using accelerometers and linked to postnatal notes and electronic medical records via the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage Databank. Univariable and multivariable linear regressions were used to examine the factors associated with PA levels. Results: Using univariable analysis, higher PA was associated with (p-value <0.05): being male, larger infant size, healthy maternal blood pressure levels, full-term gestation period, higher consumption of vegetables (infant), lower consumption-of-juice (infant), low consumption-of-adult-crisps (infant), longer breastfeeding duration, and more movement during sleep (infant) but fewer night wakings. Combined into a multivariable regression model (R2=0.654) all factors remained significant showing lower PA levels were associated with female gender, smaller infant, preterm birth, higher maternal blood pressure, low vegetable consumption, high crisp consumption, and less night movement. Conclusion: The PA levels of infants were strongly associated with both gestational and postnatal environmental factors. Healthy behaviours appear to cluster and a healthy diet was associated with a more active infant. Boys were substantially more active than girls, even at age 12 months. These findings can help inform interventions to promote healthier lives for infants and to understand the determinants of their PA levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gestation, infants, physical activity, postnatal development
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 11:44
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 11:44
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23944

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