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Sex differences in academic achievement are not related to political, economic, or social equality

Stoet, Gijsbert and Geary, David C (2015) 'Sex differences in academic achievement are not related to political, economic, or social equality.' Intelligence, 48. 137 - 151. ISSN 0160-2896

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Abstract

The national differences in gender equality in economic and political participation have garnered considerable attention as an explanation of boys' better achievement in mathematics in most countries, but the debate is far from resolved. Using data from four international assessments of the academic achievement of 1.5 million 15 year olds (Programme for International Student Assessment, PISA), we demonstrate that the relation between sex differences in PISA achievement and national measures of gender equality is not consistent across assessments, and several of the positive findings are confounded by outliers. Further, for overall achievement across reading, mathematics, and science literacy girls outperformed boys in 70% of participating countries, including many with considerable gaps in economic and political equality, and they fell behind in only 4% of countries. The results raise doubts about the relation between national equality policies and mathematics achievement, and raise broader questions regarding women's underrepresentation in political, economic, and academic leadership despite stronger academic skills and regarding the long-term economic prospects and social stability of nations with many men who are not competitive in the modern economy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sex differences, Scholastic performance, Reading, Mathematics, Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 11:55
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 11:55
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23982

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