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A social identity threat perspective on being the target of generosity from a higher status other

Sandstrom, Gillian M and Schmader, Toni and Croft, Alyssa and Kwok, Navio (2019) 'A social identity threat perspective on being the target of generosity from a higher status other.' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 82. 98 - 114. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

Both giving and receiving money have emotional benefits, but when gifts of value are made in the context of socioeconomic differences, there might also be emotional costs. Four studies (and an internal meta-analysis) tested the idea that receiving a generous gift from someone higher in perceived socioeconomic status (SES) signals social identity threat. In Study 1 (N = 218), participants on average, but especially those with relatively lower SES, reported experiencing more self-conscious negative affect when receiving a generous amount of money (vs. an even split) from a higher status giver in a dictator game. This effect was mediated by feeling pitied by the giver. Studies 2 (N = 331) and 3 (N = 426) revealed similar effects with recalled real-world experiences of receiving a generous gift from higher SES givers. Studies 3 and 4 (N = 142) revealed evidence for serial mediation, with lower relative SES predicting status awareness, status awareness predicting attributions of pity, and attributions of pity in turn predicting self-conscious negative affect. Effects were not significantly moderated by needing or requesting the money, suggesting that acts of generosity across the status divide readily signal social devaluation for those with lower perceived status. Findings have practical and conceptual implications for prosocial giving in a system of social and economic inequality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social identity threat, Prosocial behavior, Socioeconomic status, Self-conscious emotion, Attributions
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2019 15:25
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019 15:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24035

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