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Using Prokaryotes for Carbon Capture Storage

Hicks, Natalie and Vik, Unni and Taylor, Peter and Ladoukakis, Efthymios and Park, Joonsang and Kolisis, Frangiskos and Jakobsen, Kjetill S (2017) 'Using Prokaryotes for Carbon Capture Storage.' Trends in Biotechnology, 35 (1). 22 - 32. ISSN 0167-7799

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Abstract

Geological storage of CO2 is a fast-developing technology that can mitigate rising carbon emissions. However, there are environmental concerns with long-term storage and implications of a leak from a carbon capture storage (CCS) site. Traditional monitoring lacks clear protocols and relies heavily on physical methods. Here we discuss the potential of biotechnology, focusing on microbes with a natural ability to utilize and assimilate CO2 through different metabolic pathways. We propose the use of natural microbial communities for CCS monitoring and CO2 utilization, and, with examples, demonstrate how synthetic biology may maximize CO2 uptake within and above storage sites. An integrated physical and biological approach, combined with metagenomics data and biotechnological advances, will enhance CO2 sequestration and prevent large-scale leakages.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon capture and storage, CO2 fixation, metagenomics, metabolic pathways, microbial communities, synthetic biology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 13:28
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 13:18
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24400

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