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NosL is a dedicated copper chaperone for assembly of the CuZ center of nitrous oxide reductase

Bennett, Sophie P and Soriano-Laguna, Manuel J and Bradley, Justin M and Svistunenko, Dimitri A and Richardson, David J and Gates, Andrew J and Le Brun, Nick E (2019) 'NosL is a dedicated copper chaperone for assembly of the CuZ center of nitrous oxide reductase.' Chemical Science, 10 (19). pp. 4985-4993. ISSN 2041-6539

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Nitrous oxide reductase (N₂OR) is the terminal enzyme of the denitrification pathway of soil bacteria that reduces the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N₂O) to dinitrogen. In addition to a binuclear CuA site that functions in electron transfer, the active site of N₂OR features a unique tetranuclear copper cluster bridged by inorganic sulfide, termed CuZ. In copper-limited environments, N₂OR fails to function, resulting in truncation of denitrification and rising levels of N₂O released by cells to the atmosphere, presenting a major environmental challenge. Here we report studies of nosL from Paracoccus denitrificans, which is part of the nos gene cluster, and encodes a putative copper binding protein. A Paracoccus denitrificans ΔnosL mutant strain had no denitrification phenotype under copper-sufficient conditions but failed to reduce N₂O under copper-limited conditions. N₂OR isolated from ΔnosL cells was found to be deficient in copper and to exhibit attenuated activity. UV-visible absorbance spectroscopy revealed that bands due to the CuA center were unaffected, while those corresponding to the CuZ center were significantly reduced in intensity. In vitro studies of a soluble form of NosL without its predicted membrane anchor showed that it binds one Cu(i) ion per protein with attomolar affinity, but does not bind Cu(ii). Together, the data demonstrate that NosL is a copper-binding protein specifically required for assembly of the CuZ center of N2OR, and thus represents the first characterised assembly factor for the CuZ active site of this key environmental enzyme, which is globally responsible for the destruction of a potent greenhouse gas.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 11:04
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:01

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