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New glaucoma classification method based on standard Heidelberg Retina Tomograph parameters by bagging classification trees

Mardin, CY and Hothorn, T and Peters, A and Jünemann, AG and Nguyen, NX and Lausen, B (2003) 'New glaucoma classification method based on standard Heidelberg Retina Tomograph parameters by bagging classification trees.' Journal of Glaucoma, 12 (4). 340 - 346. ISSN 1057-0829

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Abstract

Purpose: In this article we propose and evaluate nonparametric tree classifiers that can handle non-normal data and a large number of possible predictors using the full set of standard Heidelberg Retina Tomograph measurements for classifying glaucoma. Methods: The classifiers were trained and tested using standard Heidelberg Retina Tomograph parameters from examinations of 98 subjects with glaucoma and 98 normal subjects of the Erlangen Glaucoma Registry. All patients and control subjects were evaluated by 15°-optic disc stereographs, Heidelberg Retina Tomograph measurements, standard computerized white-in-white perimetry, and 24-hour-intraocular pressure profiles. The subjects were matched by age and sex. Standard classification trees as well as bagged classification trees were used. The classification outcome of the trees was compared with the classification by two published linear discriminant functions based on Heidelberg Retina Tomograph variables with respect to their cross-validated misclassification error. Results: The bagged classification tree had the lowest misclassification error estimate of 14.8% with a sensitivity of 81.6% at a specificity of 88.8%. The cross-validated error rates of the two linear discriminant function procedures were 20.4% (sensitivity 82.6%, specificity 76.7%) and 20.6% (sensitivity 81.4%, specificity 77.3%) for our set of observations. Bagged classification trees were able to reduce the misclassification error of glaucoma classification. Conclusions: Bagged classification trees promise to be a new and efficient approach for glaucoma classification using morphometric 2- and 3-dimensional data derived from the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph, taking into account all given variables.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Mathematical Sciences, Department of
Depositing User: Berthold Lausen
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2012 22:02
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 18:12
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2491

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