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Post-war (1946-2017) population health change in the United Kingdom: A systematic review

Gondek, Dawid and Bann, David and Ning, Ke and Grundy, Emily and Ploubidis, George B (2019) 'Post-war (1946-2017) population health change in the United Kingdom: A systematic review.' PLoS ONE, 14 (7). e0218991-e0218991. ISSN 1932-6203

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We systematically reviewed the evidence on secular trends in main chronic conditions, disability and self-assessed general health among adults in the United Kingdom, as reported in primary/secondary care databases and population-based surveys. Searches were conducted separately for: (1) trends in age-standardised or age-specific prevalence of major non-communicable diseases, disability, and self-reported general health; (2) trends in health expectancy. The databases searched were MEDLINE, EMBASE/EMBASE Classic and Web of Science (all from 1946/7). The evidence was synthesised narratively. There were 39 studies reporting trends in prevalence of health conditions and 15 studies in health expectancy. We did not find evidence for improvement in the age-standardised or age-specific prevalence of any of the studied major chronic conditions over the last few decades, apart from Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Both increasing or stable prevalence rates with simultaneous rising life expectancy support the expansion of morbidity theory, meaning that people are expected to spend a greater number of years with chronic condition(s). The evidence on disability—expressed as prevalence or health expectancy—was mixed, but also appeared to support the expansion of morbidity among those aged 65 or over. The evidence on trends in disability for younger age is lacking. Across the studied period (1946–2017), the UK population endured more years with chronic morbidity and disability, which may place a serious strain on the health care system, the economy and the society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Cause of Death; Child; Child, Preschool; Disabled Persons; Female; Global Burden of Disease; Global Health; Humans; Life Expectancy; Male; Middle Aged; Population Health; Socioeconomic Factors; United Kingdom; Young Adult
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 14:02
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 15:45

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