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The Impact of Failures and Successes on Affect and Self-Esteem in Young and Older Adults

Rosi, Alessia and Cavallini, Elena and Gamboz, Nadia and Vecchi, Tomaso and Van Vugt, Floris Tijmen and Russo, Riccardo (2019) 'The Impact of Failures and Successes on Affect and Self-Esteem in Young and Older Adults.' Frontiers in Psychology, 10. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Older adults are assumed to change their affect states in reaction to positive and negative stimuli across the life span. However, little is known about the impact of success and failure events on age-related changes in affect states and, particularly, in self-esteem levels. To fill this gap in the literature, in the present study changes in affect and self-esteem in 100 young (19–30 years) and 102 older adults (65–81 years) were assessed after participants experienced success and failure in a demanding cognitive task. Overall, the success-failure manipulation induced changes on affect states and on state self-esteem, not on trait self-esteem. Regarding age differences, older and young adults were affected to the same extent by experiences of successes and failures. Theoretical considerations of the empirical findings are provided in the general discussion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging, individual differences, affect, self-esteem, success-failure manipulation
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2019 12:29
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2019 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25111

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