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Soliton and Breather Splitting on Star Graphs from Tricrystal Josephson Junctions

Susanto, Hadi and Karjanto, Natanael and Zulkarnain, and Nusantara, Toto and Widjanarko, Taufiq (2019) 'Soliton and Breather Splitting on Star Graphs from Tricrystal Josephson Junctions.' Symmetry, 11 (2). ISSN 2073-8994

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Abstract

We consider the interactions of traveling localized wave solutions with a vertex in a star graph domain that describes multiple Josephson junctions with a common/branch point (i.e., tricrystal junctions). The system is modeled by the sine-Gordon equation. The vertex is represented by boundary conditions that are determined by the continuity of the magnetic field and vanishing total fluxes. When one considers small-amplitude breather solutions, the system can be reduced into the nonlinear Schrödinger equation posed on a star graph. Using the equation, we show that a high-velocity incoming soliton is split into a transmitted component and a reflected one. The transmission is shown to be in good agreement with the transmission rate of plane waves in the linear Schrödinger equation on the same graph (i.e., a quantum graph). In the context of the sine-Gordon equation, small-amplitude breathers show similar qualitative behaviors, while large-amplitude ones produce complex dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: soliton; breather; sine-Gordon equation; Schrödinger equation; star graph; quantum graph
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Mathematical Sciences, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 10:26
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2019 10:26
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25122

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