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Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people

Hernández-Martínez, Jordan and Cisterna, Diego and Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Álvarez, Cristian and Guede-Rojas, Francisco and Fuente, Carlos de la and Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio and Moran, Jason (2018) 'Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people.' Revista Médica de Chile, 146 (12). 1429 - 1437. ISSN 0034-9887

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Abstract

Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness. Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and Methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = −0.65 and −0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = −0.71 and −0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = −045 and −0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = −0.47 and −0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = −0.92 and −0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = −0.95 and −0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9% lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Frail Elderly; Geriatric Assessment; Muscle Strength; Sarcopenia; Resistance Training
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2019 15:01
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2019 15:01
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25151

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