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Intimate Partner Violence: The influence of job opportunities for men and women

Bhalotra, Sonia and Kambhampati, Uma and Rawlings, Samantha and Siddique, Zahra (2019) 'Intimate Partner Violence: The influence of job opportunities for men and women.' The World Bank Economic Review. ISSN 0258-6770

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Abstract

This study examines the association of unemployment variation with intimate partner violence using representative data from thirty one developing countries, through 2005 to 2016. It finds that a 1 percent increase in the male unemployment rate is associated with an increase in the incidence of physical violence against women by 0.50 percentage points, or 2.75 percent. This is consistent with financial and psychological stress generated by unemployment. Female unemployment rates have the opposite effect, a 1 percent decrease being associated with an increase in the probability of victimization of 0.52 percentage points, or 2.87 percent. That an improvement in women’s employment opportunities is associated with increased violence is consistent with male backlash. The study finds that this pattern of behaviours emerges entirely from countries in which women have more limited access to divorce than men.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intimate partner violence, domestic violence, abuse, recession, married women’s labour force participation, women’s empowerment, male backlash
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 12:22
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2020 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25331

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