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Intra-rater reliability, measurement precision, and inter-test correlations of 1RM single-leg leg-press, knee-flexion, and knee-extension in uninjured adult agility-sport athletes: Considerations for right and left unilateral measurements in knee injury control

Clark, Nicholas C and Reilly, Lee J and Davies, Stephanie C (2019) 'Intra-rater reliability, measurement precision, and inter-test correlations of 1RM single-leg leg-press, knee-flexion, and knee-extension in uninjured adult agility-sport athletes: Considerations for right and left unilateral measurements in knee injury control.' Physical Therapy in Sport, 40. 128 - 136. ISSN 1466-853X

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Abstract

Objectives Knowledge of single-leg knee strength test reliability for the right and left limb is critical for between-limb clinical decision-making. Knowledge of between-test correlations is essential for understanding whether tests measure similar or different aspects of muscle strength. This study investigated the intra-rater, test-retest reliability and measurement precision of one repetition maximum (1RM) single-leg leg-press (LP), knee-flexion (KF), and knee-extension (KE) for both limbs, and inter-test correlations. Design Repeated measures; Setting University. Participants Six males, seven females (age 25.6±5.5yr; height 171.4±8.4cm; mass 71.8±13.4kg). Main outcome measures Normalised 1RM (percent body-mass (%BM)), intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (Avery, 1995; Rivara, 2003), standard error of measurement (SEM; %BM), Pearson's correlation (r), coefficient of determination (r2). Results Mean 1RM test-retest values were (right, left): LP, 214.2–218.5%BM, 213.5–215.4%BM; KF, 35.9–38.9%BM, 37.7–38.2%BM; KE, 43.3–44.6%BM, 36.2–39.3%BM. The ICCs/SEMs were (right, left): LP, 0.98/7.3%BM, 0.94/14.2%BM; KF, 0.75/4.9%BM, 0.95/1.9%BM; KE, 0.87/3.4%BM, 0.78/4.4%BM. Correlations were significant (P < 0.01), r/r2 values were: LP-KF, 0.60/0.36; LP-KE, 0.59/0.35; KF-KE, 0.50/0.25. Conclusions Tests demonstrated good reliability and measurement precision, although ICCs and SEMs were different between limbs. Tests were correlated, but only one-third of the variance was shared between tests. Practitioners should be cognisant of between-limb differences in reliability and include all tests for knee clinical decision-making.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knee, Muscle strength, Strength test, Team sports
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2019 14:52
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 01:00
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25344

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