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Self-managed working time and employee effort: Theory and evidence

Beckmann, Michael and Cornelissen, Thomas and Kräkel, Matthias (2017) 'Self-managed working time and employee effort: Theory and evidence.' Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 133. 285 - 302. ISSN 0167-2681

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Abstract

This paper theoretically and empirically examines the impact of self-managed working time (SMWT) on employee effort. As a policy of increased worker autonomy, SMWT can theoretically increase effort via intrinsic motivation and reciprocal behaviour, but it can also lead to a decrease of effort due to a loss of control. Based on German individual-level panel data, we find that SMWT employees exert higher effort levels than employees with fixed working hours. Even after accounting for observed and unobserved characteristics there remains a modest positive effect. This effect is largely driven by employees who are intrinsically motivated, suggesting that intrinsic motivation is complementary to SMWT. However, reciprocal work intensification does not seem to be an important channel of providing extra effort.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 14:49
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 14:49
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25724

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