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Intrafamily resource allocations: a dynamic model of birth weight

Del Bono, Emilia and Ermisch, John and Francesconi, Marco (2008) Intrafamily resource allocations: a dynamic model of birth weight. Discussion Paper. C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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Abstract

This paper estimates a model of dynamic intrahousehold investment behavior which incor-porates family ¯xed e®ects and child endowment heterogeneity. This framework is applied to large American and British survey data on birth outcomes, with focus on the e®ects of antenatal parental smoking and maternal labor supply net of other maternal behavior and child characteristics. We ¯nd that maternal smoking during pregnancy reduces birth weight and fetal growth, while paternal smoking has virtually no e®ect. Mothers' work interruptions of up to two months before birth have a positive e®ect on birth outcomes, especially among British children. Parental behavior appears to respond to permanent family-speci¯c unobservables and to child idiosyncratic endowments in a way that sug- gests that parents have equal concerns, rather than e±ciency motives, in allocating their prenatal inputs across children. Evidence of equal concerns emerges also from the analysis of breastfeeding decisions, although the e®ects in this case are weaker.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information: Source info: IZA Discussion Paper No. 3721
Uncontrolled Keywords: flat tax reform; income distribution; work incentives; microsimulation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2012 14:04
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 18:43
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2588

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