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The Reintegration of Ex-Combatants and Post-Conflict Violence. An Analysis of Municipal Crime Levels in Colombia

González Peña, Andrea and Dorussen, Han (2021) 'The Reintegration of Ex-Combatants and Post-Conflict Violence. An Analysis of Municipal Crime Levels in Colombia.' Conflict Management and Peace Science, 38 (3). pp. 316-337. ISSN 0738-8942

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Abstract

Violent crime in Colombia is analyzed following the demobilization of ex-combatants using municipal-level data. The main findings are that an increased presence of ex-combatants does not systematically increase homicides, but may increase robberies. Reintegration programs are shown to matter. Former paramilitaries who are not in a reintegration program increase crime. Former guerillas increase robberies, regardless of whether they are in or out of reintegration, but homicides decrease for guerrillas in reintegration. Ex-combatants often settle in municipalities with more crime. Controlling for reverse causality, ex-combatants only increase crime if they are not in reintegration, while in reintegration they may reduce crime.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: earlier versions of the paper were presented at Universidad de los Andes (2016), LASA –New York (2016), the EARC Workshop on Conflict and Conflict Resolution (2017), and the workshop at the ISA Annual Convention (2018) We thank ACR, CEDE and the Colombian National Police for sharing the data. Authors are fully responsible for analysis of data and interpretation of results. Andrea González Peña acknowledges the Colciencias - Francisco José de Caldas scholarship for her PhD program.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Demobilization; Reintegration; Post-Conflict Violence; Colombia; Crime Rates; 2SLS
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 14:31
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:07
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25880

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