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Be Careful Where You Smile: Culture Shapes Judgments of Intelligence and Honesty of Smiling Individuals

Krys, Kuba and -Melanie Vauclair, C and Capaldi, Colin A and Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi and Bond, Michael Harris and Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra and Torres, Claudio and Lipp, Ottmar V and Manickam, L Sam S and Xing, Cai and Antalíková, Radka and Pavlopoulos, Vassilis and Teyssier, Julien and Hur, Taekyun and Hansen, Karolina and Szarota, Piotr and Ahmed, Ramadan A and Burtceva, Eleonora and Chkhaidze, Ana and Cenko, Enila and Denoux, Patrick and Fülöp, Márta and Hassan, Arif and Igbokwe, David O and Işık, İdil and Javangwe, Gwatirera and Malbran, María and Maricchiolo, Fridanna and Mikarsa, Hera and Miles, Lynden K and Nader, Martin and Park, Joonha and Rizwan, Muhammad and Salem, Radwa and Schwarz, Beate and Shah, Irfana and Sun, Chien-Ru and van Tilburg, Wijnand and Wagner, Wolfgang and Wise, Ryan and Yu, Angela Arriola (2016) 'Be Careful Where You Smile: Culture Shapes Judgments of Intelligence and Honesty of Smiling Individuals.' Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 40 (2). 101 - 116. ISSN 0191-5886

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Abstract

Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones—they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) and the influence of culture on social perception of nonverbal behavior is still understudied. Here we show that a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual in cultures low on the GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance dimension. Furthermore, we show that corruption at the societal level may undermine the prosocial perception of smiling—in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced. This research fosters understanding of the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes and reveals that in some cultures smiling may lead to negative attributions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 13:14
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 14:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25904

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