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Moving Sport and Exercise Science Forward: A Call for the Adoption of More Transparent Research Practices

Caldwell, Aaron and Vigotsky, Andrew and Lahart, Ian and Tenan, Matthew and Radel, Rémi and Mellor, David and Kreutzer, Andreas and Mills, John and Boisgontier, Mattieu (2020) 'Moving Sport and Exercise Science Forward: A Call for the Adoption of More Transparent Research Practices.' Sports Medicine, 50 (3). pp. 449-459. ISSN 0112-1642

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The primary means for disseminating sport and exercise science research is currently through journal articles. However, not all studies, especially those with null findings, make it to formal publication. This publication bias towards positive findings may contribute to questionable research practices. Preregistration is a solution to prevent the publication of distorted evidence resulting from this system. This process asks authors to register their hypotheses and methods before data collection on a publicly available repository or by submitting a Registered Report. In the Registered Report format, authors submit a stage 1 manuscript to a participating journal that includes an introduction, methods, and any pilot data indicating the exploratory or confirmatory nature of the study. After a stage 1 peer review, the manuscript can then be offered in-principle acceptance, rejected, or sent back for revisions to improve the quality of the study. If accepted, the project is guaranteed publication, assuming the authors follow the data collection and analysis protocol. After data collection, authors re-submit a stage 2 manuscript that includes the results and discussion, and the study is evaluated on clarity and conformity with the planned analysis. In its final form, Registered Reports appear almost identical to a typical publication, but give readers confidence that the hypotheses and main analyses are less susceptible to bias from questionable research practices. From this perspective, we argue that inclusion of Registered Reports by researchers and journals will improve the transparency, replicability, and trust in sport and exercise science research. The preprint version of this work is available on SportR

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Consortium for Transparency in Exercise Science (COTES) Collaborators; Humans; Exercise; Research; Sports; Publication Bias
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 13:23
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 12:23

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