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Fichte on Freedom

Martin, Wayne (2019) 'Fichte on Freedom.' In: Hoeltzel, Steven, (ed.) The Palgrave Fichte Handbook. Palgrave Handbooks in German Idealism . Palgrave, 285 - 306. ISBN 978-3-030-26507-6

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Abstract

Fichte characterized his Wissenschaftslehre as the first system of freedom. But what was Fichte’s conception of freedom? Fichte’s thinking on this topic is best reconstructed by dividing it into four phases: an early uncompromising determinism; conversion to an orthodox Kantian position; an encounter with a sophisticated critic of that position; and, finally, a mature post-Kantian approach. Fichte’s mature position emerges out of his struggle with a problem in Kant’s “still obscure teaching about the possible compatibility of necessity according to natural law and freedom according to moral laws.” In making sense of this struggle, we need to attend to the distinctive modality of Fichte’s claims about freedom: I ought to be free; I put myself forward as free; I posit myself as free.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, Freedom, German Idealism
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Philosophy and Art History, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2019 11:07
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 14:36
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26128

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