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Achievement Emotions and Academic Performance: Longitudinal Models of Reciprocal Effects

Pekrun, Reinhard and Lichtenfeld, Stephanie and Marsh, Herbert W and Murayama, Kou and Goetz, Thomas (2017) 'Achievement Emotions and Academic Performance: Longitudinal Models of Reciprocal Effects.' Child Development, 88 (5). pp. 1653-1670. ISSN 0009-3920

CD 2015-229 Pekrun et al. Emotion Achievement Prepublication Manuscript June 2016.pdf - Accepted Version

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A reciprocal effects model linking emotion and achievement over time is proposed. The model was tested using five annual waves of the PALMA longitudinal study, which investigated adolescents’ development in mathematics (grades 5-9; N=3,425 German students; mean starting age=11.7 years; representative sample). Structural equation modeling showed that positive emotions (enjoyment, pride) positively predicted subsequent achievement (math end-of-the-year grades and test scores), and that achievement positively predicted these emotions, controlling for students’ gender, intelligence, and family socio-economic status. Negative emotions (anger, anxiety, shame, boredom, hopelessness) negatively predicted achievement, and achievement negatively predicted these emotions. The findings were robust across waves, achievement indicators, and school tracks, highlighting the importance of emotions for students’ achievement and of achievement for the development of emotions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Emotions; Mathematics; Models, Psychological; Adolescent; Child; Female; Male; Academic Success
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 16:13
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 13:00

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