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Pressure Training for Performance Domains: A Meta-Analysis

Low, William and Freeman, Paul and Sandercock, Gavin and Winter, Marie and Butt, Joanne and Maynard, Ian (2021) 'Pressure Training for Performance Domains: A Meta-Analysis.' Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology (1). pp. 149-163. ISSN 2157-3905

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Abstract

Studies have tested pressure training (PT) interventions in which performers practice physical or technical skills under simulated psychological pressure, but research has not yet synthesized the results of these studies. This meta-analysis assessed the magnitude of PT’s effect on performance in sport and other high-pressure domains (e.g., law enforcement). A secondary purpose was to investigate how domain, dose, experience, and the type of task moderated the effectiveness of interventions. A study was included if it was peer-reviewed, conducted a PT intervention for sport or another high-pressure domain, and quantitatively compared a PT group to a control group on posttests under pressure. Fourteen studies in sport (k = 10) and law enforcement (k = 4) were included. Participants (n = 394) were novices, semi-professional athletes, elite athletes, and police officers. After removal of an outlier, the mean effect was medium (g = 0.67, 95% CI [0.43, 1.12]) with low heterogeneity (I2 = 17.1%). Subgroup analysis did not indicate clear moderators of performance but did reinforce that PT can benefit both novice and experienced participants on open and closed tasks across different domains. The results suggest coaches and instructors should create pressurized training environments rather than relying on greater amounts of training to help performers adjust to pressure. Future research should develop practical pressure manipulations, conduct retention tests, and measure performance in competitive or real-life scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: stress inoculation; stress exposure; law enforcement; performance under pressure; systematic review
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2019 12:05
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:08
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26305

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