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The mental toughness questionniare-48: A re-examination of factorial validity

Birch, Phil DJ and Crampton, Simon and Greenlees, Iain A and Lowry, Ruth G and Coffee, Pete (2017) 'The mental toughness questionniare-48: A re-examination of factorial validity.' International Journal of Sport Psychology, 48 (3). 331 - 355. ISSN 0047-0767

Birch et al (in press) - MTQ48 factorial validation.pdf - Accepted Version

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The Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002) is the most utilised instrument to measure mental toughness in sport (Gucciardi, Wanton, & Mallett, 2012). To date, preliminary research (Gucciardi et al., 2012; Perry et al., 2013) examining the factorial validity of the MTQ48 in athlete samples has yielded equivocal findings. The aim of this paper was to re-examine the factorial validity of the four- and six-factor models of the MTQ48 in moderate (n = 480) and large (n = 1184) independent student athlete samples. Using confirmatory factor analyses, findings revealed little support for the hypothesised models of the MTQ48 in both samples. The results support those found by Gucciardi et al. and suggest that, in its current form, the MTQ48 may not be a valid measure of the 4/6Cs model of mental toughness when using student athletes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mental toughness, measurement, factorial validity
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 13:01
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2020 13:01

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