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The Effects of Support (In)Adequacy on Self-Confidence and Performance: Two Experimental Studies

Fu, Di and Hase, Adrian and Goolamallee, Mohammad and Godwin, Geoffrey and Freeman, Paul (2021) 'The Effects of Support (In)Adequacy on Self-Confidence and Performance: Two Experimental Studies.' Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 10 (1). pp. 15-26. ISSN 2157-3905

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The presence of supportive relationships is crucial in health and sporting contexts. However, the actual receipt of supportive behaviors from these relationships is sometimes ineffective or even detrimental. One explanation for this inconsistency is that the amount of support individuals receive might not be congruent with what they want. Using the support adequacy model as a framework, the current article was the first to examine whether the interaction of wanted and received support influences self-confidence and performance. In two experiments, participants (ns = 88, 91) performed a golf-putting task in one of the following conditions: low wanted - control (null support), low wanted – received support (overprovision), high wanted - control (underprovision), and high wanted – received support (adequacy). There were significant interactions of wanted and received support on self-confidence (Study 1 and 2) and performance (Study 2 only). More specifically, compared to participants in both the underprovision and overprovision conditions, those in the adequate condition had better self-confidence and performance. The findings provide important experimental evidence for the support adequacy model, highlight that it is a useful framework to explain the effects of received support on self-confidence and performance, and suggest that an individual’s support network should tailor actions to the support that the individual wants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Support adequacy model; wanted support; received support; self-confidence; motor task performance
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 14:48
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:09

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