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Splash with A Teammate: Peer Effects in High-Stakes Tournaments

Jiang, Lingqing (2020) 'Splash with A Teammate: Peer Effects in High-Stakes Tournaments.' Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 171. pp. 165-188. ISSN 0167-2681

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Abstract

This paper investigates peer effects among high-skilled individuals in competitive environments with high-stakes incentives. I use data from the Swimming World Championships and study whether having a teammate in the competing group affects individual performance. The identification challenge lies in that the competing group’s composition is endogenous to individual performance. I apply a regression discontinuity design by comparing finalists’ performance when their teammate barely qualified or not qualified for the same finals. Female athletes accompanied by a teammate finished with less time and performed 0.8 to 1.18 ranks better in the finals. Male athletes’ performance is unaffected. The potential mechanisms of enhanced intra-team competition and mitigated psychosocial pressure are discussed and are in line with literature on gender differences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peer Effects, Tournaments, Regression Discontinuity, Gender Differences
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 16:04
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:08
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26415

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