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Predictors of Citation Rate in Psychology: Inconclusive Influence of Effect and Sample Size

Hanel, Paul HP and Haase, Jennifer (2017) 'Predictors of Citation Rate in Psychology: Inconclusive Influence of Effect and Sample Size.' Frontiers in Psychology, 8. ISSN 1664-1078

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In the present article, we investigate predictors of how often a scientific article is cited. Specifically, we focus on the influence of two often neglected predictors of citation rate: effect size and sample size, using samples from two psychological topical areas. Both can be considered as indicators of the importance of an article and post hoc (or observed) statistical power, and should, especially in applied fields, predict citation rates. In Study 1, effect size did not have an influence on citation rates across a topical area, both with and without controlling for numerous variables that have been previously linked to citation rates. In contrast, sample size predicted citation rates, but only while controlling for other variables. In Study 2, sample and partly effect sizes predicted citation rates, indicating that the relations vary even between scientific topical areas. Statistically significant results had more citations in Study 2 but not in Study 1. The results indicate that the importance (or power) of scientific findings may not be as strongly related to citation rate as is generally assumed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: citation rate, citation frequency, effect size, sample size, power, open access, journal impact factor, statistical significance
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 15:12
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 15:12

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