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Distinguishing the Impact of Age on Semantic and Non-Semantic Associations in Episodic Memory

Jarjat, Gabriel and Ward, Geoff and Hot, Pascal and Portrat, Sophie and Loaiza, Vanessa (2020) 'Distinguishing the Impact of Age on Semantic and Non-Semantic Associations in Episodic Memory.' Journals of Gerontology, Series B. ISSN 1079-5014

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Abstract

Objectives. Refreshing, or the act of briefly foregrounding recently presented but now perceptually absent representations, has been identified as a possible source of age differences in working memory and episodic memory. We investigated whether the refreshing deficit contributes to the well-known age-related deficit for retrieving non-semantic associations, but has no impact on existing semantic associations. Method. Younger and older adults judged the relatedness of stimulus word pairs (e.g., pink–blue or pink–cop) after repeating or refreshing one of the words. During a later source recognition memory test, participants determined whether each item recognized as old was presented on the left or right (non-semantic source memory) and presented in a related or unrelated pair (semantic source memory). The data were analyzed using a hierarchical Bayesian implementation of a multinomial model of multidimensional source memory. Results. Neither age group exhibited a refreshing benefit to non-semantic or semantic source memory parameters. There was a large age difference in non-semantic source memory, but no age difference in semantic source memory. Discussion. The study suggests that the nature of the association is most important to episodic memory performance in older age, irrespective of refreshing, such that source memory is unimpaired for semantically meaningful information.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: attention, multinomial modeling, source memory, semantic memory
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 10:41
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2020 07:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26741

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