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Lower-limb motor-performance asymmetries in English community-level female field hockey players: Implications for knee and ankle injury prevention

Clark, Nicholas C and Clacher, Lucy H (2020) 'Lower-limb motor-performance asymmetries in English community-level female field hockey players: Implications for knee and ankle injury prevention.' Physical Therapy in Sport, 43. pp. 43-51. ISSN 1466-853X

Clark N et al 2020_PTiS_FieldHockeyAsymmetries.pdf - Accepted Version
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Objectives: Side-to-side asymmetry of lower-limb motor-performance is associated with increased agility-sport noncontact injury-risk. Left leg preferential use (unilaterality) in hockey may influence lower-limb motor-performance asymmetry. Symmetry-analyses have not been reported for female hockey players. This study performed symmetry-analyses using the eyes-closed-balance test (ECB), anterior reach test (ART), triple-hop-for-distance (THD), and six-metre hop-for-time (6MHT). Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Community-level club. Participants: Thirty players (age 25.6 ± 4.5yr; height 165.6 ± 5.9 cm; mass 64.8 ± 5.5 kg). Main outcome measures: Right-left group-level (t-test with Bonferroni adjustment) and individual-level (absolute-asymmetry (%)) comparisons. A limb symmetry index (LSI) was computed for each player and a clinically-significant absolute-asymmetry defined >10% as per previous literature. Clinically-significant absolute-asymmetry prevalence (%) was calculated across tests. For unilaterality, prevalence of superior left-side performance was calculated. Results: There were no right-left significant differences across tests. Findings for ECB, ART, THD, and 6MHT were: absolute-asymmetry, 28.7 ± 26.9%, 3.5 ± 2.8%, 3.5 ± 3.4%, 6.1 ± 4.7%; prevalence of clinically-significant absolute-asymmetries, 70.0%, 3.3%, 6.7%, 26.7%; prevalence of superior left-side performance, 46.7%, 53.0%, 50.0%, 47.0%. Conclusions: Statistical tests fail to expose clinically-significant absolute-asymmetries. Many players demonstrated clinically-significant absolute-asymmetries for ECB and 6MHT tests. Clinical interpretation of LSIs and absolute-asymmetries need not consider unilaterality. Clinically-significant absolute-asymmetries previously linked to injury-risk are common in a community-level, adult female hockey players.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Field hockey; Knee; Ankle; Asymmetry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2020 16:34
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:33

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