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Joint Resources and Workflow Scheduling in UAV-Enabled Wirelessly-Powered MEC for IoT Systems

Du, Yao and Yang, Kun and Wang, Kezhi and Zhang, Guopeng and Zhao, Yizhe and Chen, Dongwei (2019) 'Joint Resources and Workflow Scheduling in UAV-Enabled Wirelessly-Powered MEC for IoT Systems.' IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 68 (10). pp. 10187-10200. ISSN 0018-9545

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Abstract

This paper considers a UAV-enabled mobile edge computing (MEC) system, where a UAV first powers the Internet of things device (IoTD) by utilizing Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technology. Then each IoTD sends the collected data to the UAV for processing by using the energy harvested from the UAV. In order to improve the energy efficiency of the UAV, we propose a new time division multiple access (TDMA) based workflow model, which allows parallel transmissions and executions in the UAV-assisted system. We aim to minimize the total energy consumption of the UAV by jointly optimizing the IoTDs association, computing resources allocation, UAV hovering time, wireless powering duration and the services sequence of the IoTDs. The formulated problem is a mixed-integer non-convex problem, which is very difficult to solve in general. We transform and relax it into a convex problem and apply flow-shop scheduling techniques to address it. Furthermore, an alternative algorithm is developed to set the initial point closer to the optimal solution. Simulation results show that the total energy consumption of the UAV can be effectively reduced by the proposed scheme compared with the conventional systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicles; Resource management; Time division multiple access; Energy consumption; Internet of Things; Wireless communication; Cloud computing; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); mobile edge computing (MEC); wireless power transfer (WPT); resources allocation; flow-shop scheduling
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2020 18:06
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:30
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26895

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