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Anglo-American governance adoption in non-Anglo-American settings

Areneke, Geofry and Yusuf, Fatima and Kimani, Danson (2019) 'Anglo-American governance adoption in non-Anglo-American settings.' Managerial Auditing Journal, 34 (4). 486 - 514. ISSN 0268-6902

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Abstract

Purpose Albeit the growing academic research on emerging economies corporate governance (CG)environments within accounting and finance literature, there exists a dearth of cross-country studies using aqualitative approach to understand practitioners’ behaviour vis-a-vis diffusion of international CG practices in emerging economies. This study aims to fill this oversight through a comparative analysis of the divergence and convergence of CG systems operational in three emerging economies (Cameroon, Kenya and Pakistan) while highlighting different institutional and contextual impacts on behaviour of governance actors. The paper uses an interface between critical realism and new institutional economics theory to explore the implementation and execution of CG in Cameroon, Kenya and Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach The study analysed 24 in-depth semi-structured interviews and conducted with key governance practitioners across the three countries. Findings The findings show that CG implementation processes in Cameroon, Kenya and Pakistan are nascent and driven by international forces rather than local initiatives. CG lacks institutional identity across the three countries as regulatory coercion acts as a key driver for CG adoption and practitioner accounts are mixed regarding the impact of CG onfirm performance. Practical implications The paper evidences that the lack of governance identify, compliance and slow implementation process of governance regulations and its impact onfirm performance in emerging economies is caused by the fact that local institutional characteristics prevalent in these economies may not be suitable for a "copy and paste" of Western form of governance regulations. Furthermore, governance actors do not see the relevance of recommended CG practices except as a regulatory burden. Originality/value The paper contributes to close the lacuna in the seemingly little qualitative comparative study that has examined practitioner’s perception vis-à-vis the diffusion of international governance practices in emerging economies. Specifically, it uncovers how different institutional and contextual factors impact on the behaviour of governance actors and how their behaviours may constrain adoption, implementation and compliance with recommended governance practices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corporate governance, Kenya, Pakistan, Cameroon, Emerging economies,Governance implementation process, Governance practitioners, New institutional economics theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Accounting Centre
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 16:29
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 17:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26905

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