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The association between community mental health nursing and hospital admissions for people with serious mental illness: a systematic review.

Leach, Matthew J and Jones, Martin and Bressington, Dan and Jones, Adrian and Nolan, Fiona and Muyambi, Kuda and Gillam, Marianne and Gray, Richard (2020) 'The association between community mental health nursing and hospital admissions for people with serious mental illness: a systematic review.' Systematic Reviews, 9 (1). ISSN 2046-4053

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:Relapse prevention is an important objective in the management of serious mental illness (SMI). While community mental health nurses (CMHN) might be well-placed to support people with SMI in averting relapse, no systematic reviews have examined this association. AIM:To review the evidence from studies reporting an association between CMHN exposure and hospitalisation of persons living with SMI (a proxy for relapse). METHODS:Searches were undertaken in ten bibliographic databases and two clinical trial registries. We included studies of patients with SMI, where CMHN was the exposure, and the outcome was relapse (i.e. readmission to a psychiatric inpatient facility). Quality assessment of included studies was completed using two risk-of-bias measures. RESULTS:Two studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies were rated as being of low-moderate methodological quality. There was insufficient evidence to conclude that community mental health nursing reduced the risk of admission to psychiatric inpatient facilities. CONCLUSIONS:The review found no evidence that CMHN was associated with higher or lower odds of admission to psychiatric inpatient facilities among patients with SMI. The findings of the review point to a need for further research to investigate the impact of CMHN exposure and relapse in people with SMI. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:PROSPERO CRD42017058694.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 10:01
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/27103

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