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It is all about “Hope”: evidence on the immigrant optimism paradox

Cebolla-Boado, Héctor and González Ferrer, Amparo and Soysal, Yasemin Nuhoḡlu (2020) 'It is all about “Hope”: evidence on the immigrant optimism paradox.' Ethnic and Racial Studies. ISSN 0141-9870

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Abstract

This paper investigates the immigrant educational optimism hypothesis using data from Spain. Specifically, we examine the nature of higher educational expectations among migrant-origin families in comparison to non-migrant families, conditional upon students’ prior school performance and social background. Our dataset includes more than two thousand students in secondary schools in Madrid and, as an innovation in the literature, allows identical analyses for dyads of parents and children. Our results suggest that immigrant optimism is more likely the result of positive selection of parents as first movers than lack of understanding among migrant families of how to process information regarding their children’s educational prospects in the host country. Interestingly, students from migrant-origin families themselves do not share the same optimism as their parents. We argue that migration is linked with “hopeful” aspirations and identities, which is in line with research showing selection among labour migrants on the basis of unobservable characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hope, migrant optimism, dyadic analysis, educational expectations, migrant selectivity, Spain
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 17 May 2020 20:27
Last Modified: 17 May 2020 20:27
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/27564

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