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Treatment preferences in fibromyalgia patients: A cross‐sectional web‐based survey

Valentini, Elia and Fetter, Eleonora and Orbell, Sheina (2020) 'Treatment preferences in fibromyalgia patients: A cross‐sectional web‐based survey.' European Journal of Pain. ISSN 1090-3801

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Abstract

Background Therapeutic approaches to fibromyalgia (FM) are shifting towards a combined multi‐treatment approach to tackle the variety of symptoms experienced in FM. Importantly, little is known about FM patients' attitude towards the available treatments. Methods A cross-sectional web survey obtained responses from 464 individuals who satisfied diagnostic criteria for FM. Respondents were asked to report which treatments they adopted in their past, present and intend to adopt in the future. They also rated their level of well-being, depression, anxiety and pain catastrophizing. Results Data revealed a predominantly combined multi-treatment approach in a sample characterized by middle-aged, Caucasian women. Respondents reported pervasive use of pharmacological therapy but had also adopted non-pharmacological treatment in the past. Future intentions clustered on alternative treatment or no treatment. Regression analyses revealed that pharmacological treatment in the past was predictive of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in the present. However, use of non-pharmacological treatment in the past was uniquely predictive of its reuse in the present and future. This pattern was also accounted for by individual differences in pain magnification and well-being in the past. Conclusions Treatment preferences of FM individuals reveal an ambivalent combination of heavy reliance on pharmacological treatment with lower but consistent reliance on non-pharmacological treatment for those individuals who used it in the past and present. This finding may inform longitudinal research into the relationship between pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment preference in FM patients, which could in turn inform guidelines for individualized therapeutic plans for clinicians. Significance Individuals with fibromyalgia reported the use of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments in the past but a predominant use of a pharmacological approach overall. Patterns of treatment experienced in the past were differentially related to future preferences. Pharmacological treatment in the past was likely to lead to both pharmacological and non-pharmacological choices in the present. However, non-pharmacological treatment in the past was more likely to be chosen again in the present and future, but unlikely to lead to a pharmacological choice.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 May 2020 13:29
Last Modified: 22 May 2020 13:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/27595

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