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Blockchain-based life cycle assessment: An implementation framework and system architecture

Zhang, Abraham and Zhong, Ray Y and Farooque, Muhammad and Kang, Kai and Venkatesh, VG (2020) 'Blockchain-based life cycle assessment: An implementation framework and system architecture.' Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 152. p. 104512. ISSN 0921-3449

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Life cycle assessment (LCA) is widely used for assessing the environmental impacts of a product or service. Collecting reliable data is a major challenge in LCA due to the complexities involved in the tracking and quantifying inputs and outputs at multiple supply chain stages. Blockchain technology offers an ideal solution to overcome the challenge in sustainable supply chain management. Its use in combination with internet-of-things (IoT) and big data analytics and visualization can help organizations achieve operational excellence in conducting LCA for improving supply chain sustainability. This research develops a framework to guide the implementation of Blockchain-based LCA. It proposes a system architecture that integrates the use of Blockchain, IoT, and big data analytics and visualization. The proposed implementation framework and system architecture were validated by practitioners who were experienced with Blockchain applications. The research also analyzes system implementation costs and discusses potential issues and solutions, as well as managerial and policy implications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blockchain; Life cycle assessment; Supply chain sustainability; Environmental sustainability; Operational excellence
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2020 13:55
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 21:12

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