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Parental autonomy support and discrepancies between implicit and explicit sexual identities: Dynamics of self-acceptance and defense.

Weinstein, Netta and Ryan, William S and DeHaan, Cody R and Przybylski, Andrew K and Legate, Nicole and Ryan, Richard M (2012) 'Parental autonomy support and discrepancies between implicit and explicit sexual identities: Dynamics of self-acceptance and defense.' Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102 (4). pp. 815-832. ISSN 0022-3514

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Abstract

When individuals grow up with autonomy-thwarting parents, they may be prevented from exploring internally endorsed values and identities and as a result shut out aspects of the self perceived to be unacceptable. Given the stigmatization of homosexuality, individuals perceiving low autonomy support from parents may be especially motivated to conceal same-sex sexual attraction, leading to defensive processes such as reaction formation. Four studies tested a model wherein perceived parental autonomy support is associated with lower discrepancies between self-reported sexual orientation and implicit sexual orientation (assessed with a reaction time task). These indices interacted to predict anti-gay responding indicative of reaction formation. Studies 2–4 showed that an implicit/explicit discrepancy was particularly pronounced in participants who experienced their fathers as both low in autonomy support and homophobic, though results were inconsistent for mothers. Findings of Study 3 suggested contingent self-esteem as a link between parenting styles and discrepancies in sexual orientation measures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2012 16:02
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2012 16:02
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2800

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