Research Repository

Gender Nonconformity of Bisexual Men and Women

Rieger, Gerulf and Holmes, Luke and Watts-Overall, Tuesday M and Gruia, Dragos C and Bailey, J Michael and Savin-Williams, Ritch C (2020) 'Gender Nonconformity of Bisexual Men and Women.' Archives of Sexual Behavior, 49 (7). pp. 2481-2495. ISSN 0004-0002

ASEB-D-19-00137R2 2020 06 25.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview


The degree to which bisexual-identified individuals are distinct from either heterosexual or homosexual individuals in their sexual orientation is an ongoing debate. We examined potential differences between these groups with respect to a strong correlate of sexual orientation, gender nonconformity (femininity in males, masculinity in females). Across pooled data, we compared self-reports of childhood gender nonconformity (n = 919) and adulthood gender nonconformity (n = 1265) and observer ratings of adulthood gender nonconformity (n = 915) between sexual orientations. Most analyses suggested a steady increase in gender nonconformity from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual. However, in some analyses, bisexual men were closer to homosexual men than to heterosexual men in their gender nonconformity. The intermediate status of bisexual people in gender nonconformity was not due to the sample having a mixture of very gender-conforming and very gender-nonconforming individuals. In total, men and women with bisexual orientations appeared neither like heterosexual nor homosexual individuals, at least with respect to their gender-related traits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sexual orientation; Gender nonconformity; Bisexuality; Sex differences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2020 07:41
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:15

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item