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Beyond gender diversity: How specific attributes of female directors affect earnings management

Gull, Ammar Ali and Nekhili, Mehdi and Nagati, Haithem and Chtioui, Tawhid (2018) 'Beyond gender diversity: How specific attributes of female directors affect earnings management.' The British Accounting Review, 50 (3). pp. 255-274. ISSN 0890-8389

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Abstract

We apply the system GMM regression estimation approach to a matched sample of French firms listed on Euronext Paris during the period 2001–2010 in order to investigate the relationship between female directors and earnings management by considering their specific (statutory and demographic) attributes. We first find that the presence of female directors deters managers from managing earnings. However, this finding does not hold when the statutory and demographic attributes of female directors are taken into account, thus showing that the detection and the correction of earnings management require particular competencies and skills. Interestingly, we find that business expertise and audit committee membership are key attributes of female directors that promote the effective monitoring of earnings management. An important implication of our findings is that the decision to appoint women on corporate boards should be based more on their statutory and demographic attributes than on blind implementation of gender quotas. Finally, our supplementary analysis reveals that female CEOs and CFOs are strongly inclined to reduce earnings management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Female directors; Statutory attributes; Demographic attributes; Earnings management
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Accounting Centre
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2020 14:12
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28336

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