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Loosening the GRIP (Gender Roles Inhibiting Prosociality) to Promote Gender Equality

Croft, Alyssa and Atkinson, Ciara and Sandstrom, Gillian and Aknin, Lara and Orbell, Sheina (2020) 'Loosening the GRIP (Gender Roles Inhibiting Prosociality) to Promote Gender Equality.' Personality and Social Psychology Review. ISSN 1088-8683 (In Press)

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Abstract

Prosociality is an ideal context to begin shifting traditional gender role stereotypes and promoting equality. Men and women both help others frequently, but assistance often follows traditional gender role expectations, which further reinforces restrictive gender stereotypes in other domains. We propose an integrative process model of Gender Roles Inhibiting Prosociality (GRIP) to explain why and how this occurs. We argue that prosociality provides a unique entry point for change because it is (a) immediately rewarding (which cultivates positive attitude formation), (b) less likely to threaten the gender status hierarchy, and therefore less susceptible to social backlash (which translates into less restrictive social norms), and (c) a skill that that can be learned (which leads to stronger beliefs in one’s own ability to help). Using the GRIP model, we derive a series of hypothesized interventions to interrupt the self-reinforcing cycle of gender role stereotyping and facilitate progress toward broader gender equality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender roles, gender stereotypes, gender equality, prosocial behavior, helping
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2020 10:22
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28690

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