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Framing the Narrative: Female Fighters, External Audience Attitudes, and Transnational Support for Armed Rebellions

Manekin, Devorah and Wood, Reed (2020) 'Framing the Narrative: Female Fighters, External Audience Attitudes, and Transnational Support for Armed Rebellions.' Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64 (9). pp. 1638-1665. ISSN 0022-0027

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Abstract

Female combatants play a central role in rebel efforts to cultivate and disseminate positive narratives regarding the movement and its political goals. Yet, the effectiveness of such strategies in shaping audience attitudes or generating tangible benefits for the group remains unclear. We propose and test a theory regarding the channels through which female fighters advance rebel goals. We argue that female fighters positively influence audience attitudes toward rebel groups by strengthening observers’ beliefs about their legitimacy and their decision to use armed tactics. We further contend that these effects directly help them secure support from transnational non-state actors and indirectly promote state support. We assess our arguments by combining a novel survey experiment in two countries with analyses of new cross-national data on female combatants and information about transnational support for rebels. The empirical results support our arguments and demonstrate the impact of gender framing on rebel efforts to secure support.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: civil wars, internal armed conflict, rebellion, gender, propaganda, external support
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2020 09:48
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:35
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28796

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