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Delivery of 360° videos in edge caching assisted wireless cellular networks

Maniotis, Pantelis (2020) Delivery of 360° videos in edge caching assisted wireless cellular networks. PhD thesis, University of Essex.

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Abstract

In recent years, 360° videos have become increasingly popular on commercial social platforms, and are a vital part of emerging Virtual Reality (VR) applications. However, the delivery of 360° videos requires significant bandwidth resources, which makes streaming of such data on mobile networks challenging. The bandwidth required for delivering 360° videos can be reduced by exploiting the fact that users are interested in viewing only a part of the video scene, the requested viewport. As different users may request different viewports, some parts of the 360° scenes may be more popular than others. 360° video delivery on mobile networks can be facilitated by caching popular content at edge servers, and delivering it from there to the users. However, existing edge caching schemes do not take full potential of the unequal popularity of different parts of a video, which renders them inefficient for caching 360° videos. Inspired by the above, in this thesis, we investigate how advanced 360° video coding tools, i.e., encoding into multiple quality layers and tiles, can be utilized to build more efficient wireless edge caching schemes for 360° videos. The above encoding allows the caching of only the parts of the 360° videos that are popular in high quality. To understand how edge caching schemes can benefit from 360° video coding, we compare the caching of 360° videos encoded into multiple quality layers and tiles with layer-agnostic and tile-agnostic schemes. To cope with the fact that the content popularity distribution may be unknown, we use machine learning techniques, for both Video on Demand (VoD), and live streaming scenarios. From our findings, it is clear that by taking into account the aforementioned 360° video characteristics leads to an increased performance in terms of the quality of the video delivered to the users, and the usage of the backhaul links.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tile encoding, Virtual Reality, 360° video, Edge caching, Collaborative caching, Offline caching, Online caching, Live streaming
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Pantelis Maniotis
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2020 09:31
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2020 09:31
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28983

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