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Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe

zu Ermgassen, Philine SE and Bonačić, Kruno and Boudry, Pierre and Bromley, Cass A and Cameron, Tom C and Colsoul, Bérenger and Coolen, Joop WP and Frankić, Anamarija and Hancock, Boze and Have, Tom M and Holbrook, Zoë and Kamermans, Pauline and Laugen, Ane T and Nevejan, Nancy and Pogoda, Bernadette and Pouvreau, Stéphane and Preston, Joanne and Ranger, Christopher J and Sanderson, William G and Sas, Hein and Strand, Åsa and Sutherland, William J (2020) 'Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe.' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 30 (11). 2038 - 2049. ISSN 1052-7613

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Abstract

1. Oyster reefs are among the most threatened marine habitats globally. In Europe, oyster reefs have been extirpated from most locations within their historical range. Active restoration of the native oyster (Ostrea edulis) in Europe has grown substantially in recent years. In sharing experiences between oyster restoration projects in Europe at the Native Oyster Restoration Alliance conference, NORA2, in Edinburgh in May 2019, it became apparent that a number of similar barriers are experienced. 2. This study identified the top 40 questions, which, if answered, would have the greatest influence on the policy and practice of oyster restoration in Europe. Initially 71 people were consulted across 28 institutions and 11 European countries to generate 194 questions. An established process of one round of pre‐workshop voting followed by a one‐day online workshop and two post‐workshop rounds of voting resulted in the final 40 questions. 3. Questions were broadly grouped into the following 10 themes: baselines, site selection, restoration methods, quantifying benefits, disease management, biosecurity, genetic diversity and population differentiation, policy and management, novel technologies, and current and future threats. 4. We anticipate that this list will provide a starting point for developing collaborative projects across the NORA network, as well as assisting policy makers and funders with identifying key areas that need to be addressed in order to overcome existing barriers to scaling up oyster restoration in Europe.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alien species, estuary, fishing, invertebrates, pollution, restoration, subtidal
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 14:25
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 14:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29104

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