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Access to Social Protection by Immigrants, Emigrants and Resident Nationals in the Russian Federation

Popova, Daria (2020) 'Access to Social Protection by Immigrants, Emigrants and Resident Nationals in the Russian Federation.' In: Lafleur, Jean-Michel and Vintila, Daniela, (eds.) Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond: A Focus on Non-EU Sending States. IMISCOE Research Series, 3 . Springer International Publishing.

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This chapter discusses the general legal framework regulating Russia’s welfare system and access for national citizens, foreigners residing in the country, and national citizens residing abroad to social benefits in five policy areas: unemployment, health care, family benefits, pensions, and guaranteed minimum resources. Our analysis shows that the eligibility of Russian nationals for social benefits depends either on their employment status and contribution record (for pensions and other social insurance benefits), or their residence status (for social assistance and healthcare). The overall level of social protection of citizens residing in different parts of the country may differ substantially due to the decentralized structure of the social protection system in Russia. The rights of foreign residents to social security benefits are essentially the same as those of the nationals, as long as they are legally employed and make social security contributions. However, there are two major exceptions: pensions and unemployment benefits. Social assistance benefits provided at the regional level are typically available to all legal residents, foreigners included, with few exceptions. When deciding to permanently move abroad, Russian citizens lose their entitlement to claim social benefits from Russia, apart from acquired contributory public pensions.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2020 10:27
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2020 10:27

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