Research Repository

Maternal Education, Home Environments and the Development of Children and Adolescents

Carneiro, Pedro and Meghir, Costas and Parey, Matthias Maternal Education, Home Environments and the Development of Children and Adolescents. UNSPECIFIED. UNSPECIFIED.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

We study the intergenerational effects of maternal education on children's cognitive achievement, behavioural problems, grade repetition and obesity. We address endogeneity of maternal schooling by instrumenting with variation in schooling costs when the mother grew up. Using matched data from the female participants of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and their children, we can control for mother's ability and family background factors. Our results show substantial intergenerational returns to education. For children aged 7-8, for example, our IV results indicate that an additional year of mother's schooling increases the child's performance on a standardized math test by almost 0.1 of a standard deviation, and reduces the incidence of behavioural problems. Our data set allows us to study a large array of channels, which may transmit the effect of maternal education to the child, including family environment and parental investments at different ages of the child. We find that income effects, delayed childbearing, and assortative mating are likely to be important, and we show that maternal education leads to substantial differences in maternal labour supply. We investigate heterogeneity in returns, and we present results focusing both on very early stages in the child's life as well as adolescent outcomes. We present a falsification exercise to support the validity of our instruments, and our results are found to be robust in a sensitivity analysis. We discuss policy implications and relate our findings to intergenerational mobility.

Item Type: Monograph (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: J31, Child Development, Education, Intergenerational Mobility
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 22:15
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 18:10
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2919

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item