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Trust in the military in post-authoritarian societies

Solar, Carlos (2020) 'Trust in the military in post-authoritarian societies.' Current Sociology. ISSN 0011-3921

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Abstract

Why does the military remain one of the most trusted institutions despite, in some cases, their history of violence, corporate abuses and bloody interventions to overthrow the state and punish parts of society? This article analyses the interaction between individual factors and support for the armed forces in Argentina, Brazil and Chile to understand current forms of opinion and trust-shifts in post-authoritarian societies. It explores whether in these three democracies, support for the military is explained by the extent to which citizens support other political institutions, democracy, partisan ideologies, and novel military missions, such as the armed forces combating crime. The empirical results suggest that trust in congress and the police are statistically significant factors explaining variance in the outcome in the three case studies. The findings then vary by country. Support for democracy is positively correlated with trust in the military in Brazil but negatively associated with confidence in the military in Chile, where support for military intervention when there are increasing levels of crime is also statistically significant with confidence in the armed forces. In both Brazil and Chile, individuals supporting the armed forces are more likely to support the military participating in countering crime. These findings have important implications for the study of military sociology and politics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Armed forces and society, civil–military relations, democracy, military sociology, public opinion, trust
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 16:05
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2020 16:05
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29333

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