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Female Combatants and Wartime Rape: Reconsidering the Role of Women in Armed Conflict

Mehrl, Marius (2020) 'Female Combatants and Wartime Rape: Reconsidering the Role of Women in Armed Conflict.' Armed Forces & Society. ISSN 0095-327X

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Abstract

Whereas existing research posits that the presence of female fighters in armed groups decreases their propensity for wartime rape, one recent study tests this claim quantitatively and is unable to detect a statistically significant effect. This leads the author to conclude that female combatants do not decrease rape. Using that study’s original data, this article reexamines the evidence for the relationship between female rebel combatants and wartime sexual violence. Replications of the original models suggest that they make strong functional form assumptions regarding numerous independent variables and time dependence and that relaxing them results in substantively different findings. Namely, women’s participation in armed groups decreases groups’ use of wartime rape. In support of Loken’s organizational theory of rape, results also suggest that this effect is moderated by group norms. These findings contribute to the literature on female participation in rebel groups and beyond.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sexual violence, rape, female combatants, rebel groups
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 08:14
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2021 08:14
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29472

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