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Trypophobia: Heart rate, heart rate variability and cortical haemodynamic response

Le, An and Cole, Geoff G and Wilkins, Arnold (2020) 'Trypophobia: Heart rate, heart rate variability and cortical haemodynamic response.' Journal of Affective Disorders, 274. pp. 1147-1151. ISSN 0165-0327

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Background: Trypophobia is a common condition in which sufferers are averse to images of small holes arranged in clusters. Methods: We used photo-plethysmography to examine cardiovascular correlates and near infrared spectroscopy to examine cortical correlates of the phenomenon in order to validate the Trypophobia Questionnaire and explore the several interlinked explanations of the disorder. Results: Trypophobic images were found to increase heart rate and heart rate variability, but only in individuals with high scores on the Trypophobia Questionnaire. Trypophobic images were also found to elicit larger haemodynamic responses in posterior cortical areas, but again only in individuals with high scores. Limitations: The results are consistent with a contribution from both parasympathetic and sympathetic systems. Conclusion: The data demonstrate the validity of the Trypophobia Questionnaire and show an involvement not only ofthe autonomic system but cortical mechanisms including cortical hyperexcitability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular reactivity; Haemodynamic response; Phobia; Visual discomfort
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 12:31
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:15

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